Dr Michael Clare

Marine Geoscience
+44 (0)23 8059 6550

Research Interests

My research interests are focussed on:

1) Major sediment transport events and their relationship with climatic change. Do major hyperthermals correspond to periods of major sediment transport? Do sediment transport events have a control on climate on short or long timescales?

2) The recurrence of extreme marine geohazards, such as submarine landslides, earthquakes and volcanic collapses. Is there continuum of frequency and magnitude from small to large geohazards? Do the extreme events show time-independent behaviour?

3) Direct monitoring of submarine landslides and turbidity currents to better understand their triggering factors. I am particularly interested in why some subaqueous slope failures are delayed after potential triggers such as earthquakes and sudden sediment loading.

4) Assessing the impact of geohazards (particularly in the deep sea) on critical infrastructure through the use of emerging technologies.

I work with a combination of data from outcrop and sediment cores, high resolution marine geophysical data, evidence of disruption and damage to infrastructure (e.g. cable breaks), and novel application of equipment such as Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers and water column imaging.

Ongoing Funded Projects

NERC Knowledge Exchange Fellowship under the Environmental Risks to Infrastructure Innovation Programme that aims to fill identify and fill the gaps in relation to environmental risks to infrastructure (NE/P005780/1). £350k.

Co-Investigator on the NERC Environmental Risks to Infrastructure Innovation Programme (ERIIP) (NE/N012798/1) “What threat do turbidity currents and submarine landslides pose to strategic submarine telecommunications cable infrastructure?”.  £140k.

Principal Investigator on "New field-scale calibration of turbidity current impact modelling" (NE/P009190/1).  £140k.



Allin, Joshua R.; Hunt, James E.; Clare, Michael A.; Talling, Peter J.. 2018 Eustatic sea level controls on the flushing of a shelf-incising submarine canyon. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 130 (1-2). 222-237.https://doi.org/10.1130/B31658.1
Hizzett, J.L.; Hughes Clarke, J.E.; Sumner, E.J.; Cartigny, M.J.B.; Talling, P.J.; Clare, M.A.. 2018 Which triggers produce the most erosive, frequent and longest runout turbidity currents on deltas? Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (2). 855-863.https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075751
Moernaut, Jasper; Van Daele, Maarten; Strasser, Michael; Clare, Michael A.; Heirman, Katrien; Viel, Matías; Cardenas, Javiera; Kilian, Rolf; Ladrón de Guevara, Bruno; Pino, Mario; Urrutia, Roberto; De Batist, Marc. 2017 Lacustrine turbidites produced by surficial slope sediment remobilization: A mechanism for continuous and sensitive turbidite paleoseismic records. Marine Geology, 384. 159-176.10.1016/j.margeo.2015.10.009
Pope, Ed L.; Talling, Peter J.; Carter, Lionel; Clare, Michael A.; Hunt, James E.. 2017 Damaging sediment density flows triggered by tropical cyclones. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 458. 161-169.10.1016/j.epsl.2016.10.046
Madhusudhan, B.N.; Clare, M.A.; Clayton, C.R.I.; Hunt, J.E.. 2017 Geotechnical profiling of deep-ocean sediments at the AFEN submarine slide complex. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 50 (2). 148-157.10.1144/qjegh2016-057
Vardy, M.E.; Vanneste, M.; Henstock, T.J.; Clare, M.A.; Forsberg, C.F.; Provenzano, G.. 2017 State-of-the-art remote characterization of shallow marine sediments: the road to a fully integrated solution. Near Surface Geophysics, 15. 387-402.10.3997/1873-0604.2017024
Clare, M.A.; Vardy, M.E.; Cartigny, M.J.B.; Talling, P.J.; Himsworth, M.D.; Dix, J.K.; Harris, J.M.; Whitehouse, R.J.S.; Belal, M.. 2017 Direct monitoring of active geohazards: emerging geophysical tools for deep-water assessments. Near Surface Geophysics, 15 (4). 427-444.10.3997/1873-0604.2017033
Azpiroz-Zabala, Maria; Cartigny, Matthieu J.B.; Talling, Peter J.; Parsons, Daniel R.; Sumner, Esther J.; Clare, Michael A.; Simmons, Stephen M.; Cooper, Cortis; Pope, Ed L.. 2017 Newly recognized turbidity current structure can explain prolonged flushing of submarine canyons. Science Advances, 3 (10). e1700200.10.1126/sciadv.1700200
Azpiroz-Zabala, M.; Cartigny, M.J.B.; Sumner, E.J.; Clare, M.A.; Talling, P.J.; Parsons, D.R.; Cooper, C.. 2017 A general model for the helical structure of geophysical flows in channel bends. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (23). 11,932-11,941.https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075721
Symons, William O.; Sumner, Esther J.; Talling, Peter J.; Cartigny, Matthieu J.B.; Clare, Michael A.. 2016 Large-scale sediment waves and scours on the modern seafloor and their implications for the prevalence of supercritical flows. Marine Geology, 371. 130-148.10.1016/j.margeo.2015.11.009
Coussens, M.F.; Wall-Palmer, D.; Talling, P.J.; Watt, S.F.L; Hatter, S.J.; Cassidy, M.; Clare, M.; Jutzeler, M.; Hatfield, R.; McCanta, M.; Kataoka, K.S.; Endo, D.; Palmer, M.R.; Stinton, A.; Fujinawa, A.; Boudon, G.; Le Friant, A.; Ishizuka, O.; Gernon, T.; Adachi, T.; Aljahdali, M.; Breitkreuz, C.; Frass, A.J.; Hornbach, M.J.; Lebas, E.; Lafuerza, S.; Maeno, F.; Manga, M.; Martinez-Colon, M.; McManus, J.; Morgan, S.; Saito, T.; Slagle, A.; Subramanyam, K.S.V.; Tamura, Y.; Trofimovs, J.; Villemant, B.; Wang, F.. 2016 Synthesis: stratigraphy and age control for IODP Sites U1394, U1395, and U1396 offshore Montserrat in the Lesser Antilles. Proceedings of the IODP, 340. 19p.10.2204/iodp.proc.340.204.2016
Allin, Joshua R.; Hunt, James E.; Talling, Peter J.; Clare, Michael A.; Pope, Ed; Masson, Douglas G.. 2016 Different frequencies and triggers of canyon filling and flushing events in Nazaré Canyon, offshore Portugal. Marine Geology, 371. 89-105.10.1016/j.margeo.2015.11.005
Clare, M.A.; Hughes Clarke, J.E.; Talling, P.J.; Cartigny, M.J.; Pratomo, D.G.. 2016 Preconditioning and triggering of offshore slope failures and turbidity currents revealed by most detailed monitoring yet at a fjord-head delta. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 450. 208-220.10.1016/j.epsl.2016.06.021
Coussens, Maya; Wall-Palmer, Deborah; Talling, Peter J.; Watt, Sebastian F.L.; Cassidy, Michael; Jutzeler, Martin; Clare, Michael A.; Hunt, James E.; Manga, Michael; Gernon, Thomas M.; Palmer, Martin R.; Hatter, Stuart J.; Boudon, Georges; Endo, Daisuke; Fujinawa, Akihiko; Hatfield, Robert; Hornbach, Matthew J.; Ishizuka, Osamu; Kataoka, Kyoko; Le Friant, Anne; Maeno, Fukashi; McCanta, Molly; Stinton, Adam J.. 2016 The relationship between eruptive activity, flank collapse, and sea level at volcanic islands: A long-term (>1 Ma) record offshore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17 (7). 2591-2611.10.1002/2015GC006053
Pope, E.L.; Talling, P.J.; Urlaub, M.; Hunt, J.E.; Clare, M.A.; Challenor, P.. 2015 Are large submarine landslides temporally random or do uncertainties in available age constraints make it impossible to tell? Marine Geology, 369. 19-33.10.1016/j.margeo.2015.07.002
Jones, D.O.B.; Walls, A.; Clare, M.; Fiske, M.S.; Weiland, R.J.; O'Brien, R.; Touzel, D.F.. 2014 Asphalt mounds and associated biota on the Angolan margin. Deep-Sea Research I, 94. 124-136.10.1016/j.dsr.2014.08.010
Hunt, J.E.; Talling, P.J.; Clare, M.A.; Jarvis, I.; Wynn, R.B.. 2014 Long-term (17 Ma) turbidite record of the timing and frequency of large flank collapses of the Canary Islands. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15 (8). 3322-3345.10.1002/2014GC005232
Clare, Michael A.; Talling, Peter J.; Challenor, Peter; Malgesini, Guiseppe; Hunt, James. 2014 Distal turbidites reveal a common distribution for large (>0.1 km3) submarine landslide recurrence. Geology, 42 (3). 263-266.10.1130/G35160.1
Urlaub, M.; Talling, P.J.; Clare, M.. 2014 Sea-level - induced seismicity and submarine landslide occurrence: Comment. Geology, 42 (6). e337.10.1130/G35254C.1
Talling, Peter; Clare, Michael; Urlaub, Morelia; Pope, Ed; Hunt, James; Watt, Sebastian. 2014 Large Submarine Landslides on Continental Slopes: Geohazards, Methane Release, and Climate Change. Oceanography, 27 (2). 32-45.10.5670/oceanog.2014.38

Book section

Clare, Michael; Chaytor, Jason; Dabson, Oliver; Gamboa, Davide; Georgiopoulou, Aggeliki; Eady, Harry; Hunt, James; Jackson, Christopher; Katz, Oded; Krastel, Sebastian; León, Ricardo; Micallef, Aaron; Moernaut, Jasper; Moriconi, Roberto; Moscardelli, Lorena; Mueller, Christof; Normandeau, Alexandre; Patacci, Marco; Steventon, Michael; Urlaub, Morelia; Völker, David; Wood, Lesli; Jobe, Zane. 2018 A consistent global approach for the morphometric characterization of subaqueous landslides. In:Geological Society Special Publication. Geological Society of London.
Mastbergen, D.; van dem Ham, G.; Cartigny, M.; Koelewijn, A.; de Kleine, M.; Clare, M.; Hizzett, J.; Azpiroz, M.; Vellinga, A.. 2016 Multiple flow slide experiment in the Westerschelde Estuary. In: Lamarche, G.; et al, ., (eds.)Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences: 7th International Symposium. Cham, Switzerland, Springer International, 241-249, 621pp. (Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research, 41).
Clare, M.A.; Talling, P.J.; Challenor, P.G.; Hunt, J.E.. 2016 Tempo and triggering of large submarine landslides: statistical analysis for hazard assessment. In: Lamarche, G.; et al, ., (eds.)Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences: 7th International Symposium. Cham, Switzerland, Springer International, 509-517, 621pp. (Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research, 41).
Clare, M.A.; Cartigny, M.J.B.; North, L.J.; Talling, P.J.; Vardy, M.E.; Hizzett, J.L.; Sumner, E.J.; Hughes Clarke, J.E.; Spinewine, B.. 2015 Quantification of near-bed dense layers and implications for seafloor structures: new insights into the most hazardous aspects of turbidity currents. In:Offshore Technology Conference 2015. Richardson, Texas, OnePetro/Society of Petroleum Engineers, OTC-25705-MS, 16pp.
Clare, M.; Smith, C.A.; Dan-Unterseh, G.; Spinewine, B.. 2014 Early stage geohazard assessments in tectonically active areas: application to potential developments in South-East Asia. In:2014 Offshore Technology Conference Asia. Richardson, TX, Society of Petroeum Engineers, OTC-24922-MS.
O'Leary, L.; Spinewine, B.; Haneberg, W.; Clare, M.; Thomas, S.; Wu, H.. 2014 An integrated sediment mobility and scour assessment: characterisation, calibration and mitigation studies for a pipeline in the South China Sea. In:2014 Offshore Technology Conference Asia. Richardson, TX, Society of Petroeum Engineers, OTC-24872-MS.
Thomas, S.; Hooper, J.; Clare, M.. 2010 Constraining geohazards to the past: Impact assessment of submarine mass movements on seabed development. In: Mosher, David C.; Shipp, R. Craig; Moscardelli, Lorena; Chaytor, Jason D.; Baxter, Christopher D.P.; Lee, Homer J.; Urgeles, Roger, (eds.)Submarine mass movements and their consequences. Dordrecht, Springer, 387-398. (Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research, 28, 28).