Securing and protecting ocean resources and ecosystems
Ocean resources include clean energy, food, and minerals.
Clean ocean energy includes offshore wind, tidal and wave power generation.
It is estimated that by 2020, 5% of the world’s minerals, including those vital for low-carbon technologies, could come from the ocean floor.
The ocean is a major food resource, and for over a billion people it is their primary source of animal protein; therefore understanding how fisheries will be impacted by global environmental change is vital for human life.
Biodiversity is decreasing across the planet including in the oceans, due to habitat loss, pollution, and over exploitation of resources.
Ensuring these ecosystems are protected is vital for achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14 – conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources.
The ocean, in particular the deep ocean, holds great potential for the development of medicines.