Dr Matthew Palmer
- Understandng the physical dynamics of coastal and shelf seas
- Measuring and understanding oceanic turbulence and mixing
- Using ocean gliders as a novel measurement platform
- Integration of ocean observations and numerical models to better understand our oceans
- Understanding physical controls on primary production of phytoplankton and biogeochemical cycles.
Ms Anastasiia Domina: The life cycle of high-frequency internal waves in shelf seas; from generation to dissipation
Ms Jennifer Jardine: Using ocean gliders to understand the physical controls on phytoplankton variability in coastal and shelf seas
Pycnocline Mixing in Shelf Seas (PycnMix):
PycnMix brings together two decades of shelf sea data with state-of-the-art, high-resolution LES modeling to investigate the predictability of pycnocline turbulence and mixing to improve regional scale ocean models.
Fluxes Across Sloping Topography of the North East Atlantic (FASTNEt):
FASTNEt recognises that shelf seas are a critical interface, linking the terrestrial, atmospheric and oceanic carbon pools and acting as a physical gateway to key biogeochemical fluxes. We are therefore seeking to establish collaborations within our field and modelling programmes to combine our physical science advances with linked advances in biogeochemical processes and exchanges in shelf seas and at ocean margins. More at http://www.sams.ac.uk/fastnet
CArbon/Nutrient DYnamics and FLuxes Over Shelf Systems (CANDYFLOSS):
The goal of this project is to quantify the role of shelf seas in the global nutrient and carbon cycles. Our goal will be realised via dedicated process studies in the Celtic Sea to improve our understanding of the mechanisms by which the biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and silicate in a shelf sea system support the net sequestration of carbon in the deep ocean, enabling the identification of drivers which may be susceptible to ongoing or future environmental changes.
AtlantOS (Optimizing and enhancing the Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System):
EU H2020 'Blue Growth' project designed to improve the readiness of existing ocean observing networks and data systems, as well as strengthening Europe’s contribution to the Global Ocean Observing System. I am a task leader in WP4.2 "Optimised shelf physical and biogeochemical sampling" which primarily uses ocean gliders to test shelf-wide ocean monitoring capability.
UK Ocean Acidification, Shelf Sea Consortium:
Investigating how ocean acidification will affect surface ocean biology, biogeochemistry and climate? More at http://www.surfaceoa.org.uk/
NERC Marine Autonomous Robotic Systems:
Much of my current research is centred around using ocean gliders to supplement shelf sea process studies and long term measurement programmes. More at http://noc.ac.uk/research-at-sea/nmfss/mars
Ocean Surface Mixing, Ocean Sub-mesoscale Interaction Study (OSMOSIS):
OSMOSIS aims to develop new parameterisations of processes that deepen and shoal the ocean surface boundary layer and to implement and evaluate these parameterisations in a state-of-the-art global coupled climate model, facilitating improved weather and climate predictions.
Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory (CObs):
CObs was operational in the Eastern Irish Sea between 2002 and 2012. Although the project ended in April 2012 it provides a unique dataset comprised of timeseries from a number of different platforms measuring physical and biogeochemical parameters in the highly dynamic and complex Liverpool Bay. This rich archive is available for public use and remains a major part of my current research. More at http://cobs.noc.ac.uk/
M. Porter, M. E. Inall, J. Hopkins, M. R. Palmer, A. C. Dale, D. Aleynik, J. A. Barth, C. Mahaffey, D. A. Smeed (2016) Glider observations of enhanced deep water upwelling at a shelf break canyon: a mechanism for cross-slope carbon and nutrient exchange. Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans (accepted)
McCardell, G., J. O’Donnell, A. J. Souza & M. R. Palmer (2016), Internal tides and tidal cycles of vertical mixing in western Long Island Sound, Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans 121. doi:10.1002/2015JC010796.
- M. R. Palmer, G. R. Stephenson, M. E. Inall, C. Balfour, A.Dusterhus & J. A. M. Green (2015) Turbulence and Mixing by Internal Waves In The Celtic Sea Determined From Ocean Glider Microstructure Measurements. Journal of Marine Systems http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.11.005
- Rippeth, T. P., B. J. Lincoln, H. A. Kennedy, M. R. Palmer, J. Sharples, and Caj Williams. "Impact of vertical mixing on sea surface pCO2 in temperate seasonally stratified shelf seas." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans(2014).
- Hopkins, J.E., Stephenson G.R., Green J.M., Inall M.E. & Palmer M.R. (2014) Storms modify baroclinic energy fluxes in a seasonally stratified shelf sea: Inertial-tidal interaction. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119 (10) 6863–6883 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010011
- Stansfield, K. L., Palmer, M. R., Rippeth, T. P., and Simpson, J. H.: Turbulent mixing in the seasonally-stratified western Irish Sea: a Thorpe Scale perspective, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 10, 2141-2155, doi:10.5194/osd-10-2141-2013, 2013.
- Palmer M.R., J.A. Polton, M.E. Inall, T.P. Rippeth, JAM Green, J. Sharples, J.H. Simpson (2013), Variable Behavior In Pycnocline Mixing Over Shelf Seas. GRL, 40, doi: 10.1029/2012GL054638.
- Palmer M.R., M.E. Inall & J. Sharples (2013), The physical oceanography of Jones Bank: A mixing hotspot in the Celtic Sea. Prog. Oceanography (117) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.009
- Vlasenko V, N Stashchuk, MR Palmer & ME Inall (2013), Generation of baroclinic tides over an isolated underwater bank. JGR (accepted)
- JA Polton, MR Palmer, MJ Howarth (2013), The vertical structure of time-mean estuarine circulation in a shallow, rotating, semi-enclosed coastal bay: A Liverpool Bay case study with application for monitoring. Cont. Shelf Res., doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.03.004.
- Tweddle JF, J Sharples, MR Palmer, K Davidson, S McNeill (2013) Enhanced nutrient fluxes at the shelf sea seasonal thermocline caused by stratified flow over a bank, Progress in Oceanography (117) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.018
- Embling CB, J Sharples, E Armstrong, MR Palmer, BE Scott (2013) Fish behaviour in response to tidal variability and internal waves over a shelf sea bank, Progress in Oceanography (117) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.013
- Scott BE, A Webb, MR Palmer, CB Embling, J Sharples (2013), Fine scale bio-physical oceanographic characteristics predict the foraging occurrence of contrasting seabird species; Gannet (Morus bassanus) and storm petrel (Hydrobates pelagicus), Progress in Oceanography, (117) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.011.
Associate Editor of Continental Shelf Research
Challenger Society for Marine Sciences council member
UKMMAS Ocean Processes Evidence Group
Honourary Senior Research Fellow University of Liverpool, School of Environmental Science